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Wednesday, 23 October 2013

Song-lines: circles and snakes.

The dead are more than the process of death.
~X~
Marks the spot.

Almost all prehistoric lines and circles around Avebury once contained the remains of the dead..

Under the earth, within Neolithic pits, post-holes and within long barrows, people once placed human remains, fragments of precious pottery, shards of stone.

Each line or curve of bone, placed under the dark soil alongside chalk and flint is part of a hologram: when a holographic plate is fractured into a thousand pieces, I can take any one of these single fragments and when the laser is shone through, the whole image will appear.

A holograph embeds the total image within every part of the whole. Each fragment contains the whole image. The more pieces the more detail.

A single fragment will provide the whole image.

In a similar way, a fragment of bone from the ancestors is all ancestors.
Because this is the way our minds work...
Monuments commemorate events, and their existence creates memories.
Therefore it follows that events at a monument add meaning to that monument...
Without understanding the holographic nature of meaning, all we are left with are ditches and earthworks and broken things.

Over the centuries there have been many answers to the questions the rings and rows of stones and post-holes, pose; created from the outlines of structures and the remains of objects found there.

If the dead are included in the story of a place, they are, by convention, always located in the past.

Whole or broken
They have been removed.
Sometimes reburied and lost.
Other times placed in biscuit tins or cardboard boxes and stored.

Instinctively we know that the dead remain in the present.

Archaeology provides linguistic tricks to help distance ourselves further. Skulls and bones signify 'rites of intensification', or 'ancestor worship'.

They cannot be a part of us.

With that in mind, I take a deep breath and dive into the song-lines of Avebury.
A story that excludes the dead.

I begin with Stonehenge.

Inigo Jones was given the task of surveying Stonehenge for King James the first. His conclusion was that Stonehenge had not been built by the ancient Britons, but was, in fact, a Roman temple of the Tuscan order (a style of architecture) and dedicated to the sky god Coelus.

Inigo was quoting from Vitruvius, who described open air temples as dedicated to the gods of air and sky, in particular those who wield thunderbolts. Tuscan temples dedicated to Jupiter were common, Inigo reasoned, therfore Stonehenge must be, on account of its great age, dedicated to the father of Saturn, grandfather of Jupiter: Coelus.

Stonehenge is circular.

Inigo Jones says that within the thirty Sarsen circle there are three equilateral triangles.

Vitruvius writes that to construct a plan for a Roman theater, the architect should inscribe three triangles within a circle, just as astronomers do when dividing the zodiac into twelve parts, according to musical ratios...

Enter stage right: William Stukeley.
Inigo Jones's book on the architecture of Stonehenge was published in 1655.

William Stukeley had made up his mind about Avebury, in 1743...



Following Inigo, henges and stones represented ancient temples, and following Althanasius Kircher [who was following Plotinus] in Stukeley's mind, the complex arrangement of earth and stone of Avebury was a hieroglyph.

Stukeley was looking for an older, pure religion.

Cambridge Platonist Ralph Cudworth had argued in 'The True Intellectual System' [1678] that the idea of the Trinity could be found in Orpheus, Pythagoras and Plato, and in the theology of the Egyptians, Persians and Romans, and that this knowledge had been passed to the Jews.

In Avebury, Stukeley saw circles and snakes:
The Holy trinity.

Avebury:
"... is the representation of god or the great soul of the world among the Persian magi, the Egyptian priests and we find it here among the Western Druids doubtless tis of vastest antiquity and borrowed by them all from the post-deluvian times"
Stukeley believed that there had been a time of revelation; that in the past god has spoken to man
"If there was no Revelation made to men in the first ages how came the knowledge and worship of god so early into the world?"
He held to an earlier scholarly tradition that Pythagoras had through his "diligent searches" in Phoenicia, Egypt and Babylon "acquired a great stock of ancient truths" and that
 "Plato's works are everywhere full of the ancient traditions".
He believed that:
"instead of maintaining the credit of their philosophy, they [the Pythagoreans] corrupted it  by degrees, made it subtle and unintelligible, until in time it was sunk into nothing"
I must admit I have some sympathy for his point of view...except of course we still use 'Babylonian' time, dates and angles. Babylonian gods are re-imaged as Jesus and Mary, Meslamtea's blue flame burns as the Holy ghost. Naram-Sin's image of himself as Nergal stalks the Christian underworld as Satan, whilst Ishtar terrifies the world as Lady Ga Ga and Marylin Manson...in this film adds Ningishizida, the twins and Erra to the mix.




What came after Stukeley is hard to follow...

But in the 1930s Avebury was recreated with money from marmalade.
You couldn't make that up!

And Maud Cunnington was digging up The Sanctuary.

Seems that the 1930s were an interesting time.
Sandwiched between Margaret Murrey and Gerald Gardener.

It is clear that Maud Cunnington thought that the Midsummer solstice was significant in our prehistory, because she remarks that the child-burial at Woodhenge was aligned with the midsummer sun-rise...

Maud didn't waste time with ambiguities: the midwinter full moon wasn't considered at all. Nor any of those pesky stars!

But I'm missing the Avebury point.
Avebury isn't obviously aligned on anything...

But Stukeley had seen a hieroglyph of circles and serpents...

Now Plotinus [AD 205- 270] had said that "The wise men of Egypt embed 'secret knowledge for those with wit to read' and in the 15th century, Plotinus was translated into Latin by Ficino.

From then on, Egypt and hieroglyphs went all Dan Brown...

In 1652-54 Kircher's Oedipus Aegytiacus, took Plotinus a bit too far, and shows a figure of a globe, serpent and wings which Kircher [as a good Jesuit) translates as the Divine Trinity.

Stukeley said that..
"All writers Jewish and Christian with one mouth assert the snakes practice of shedding its skin and returning to life again was a fit emblem of Christ's Resurrection"...
And thus the way became wide open for people, such as Hargrave Jennings (1817- 1890) to quote Stukeley and write all about ancient serpent worship in Britain as evidenced by the Avebury avenues.

http://www.sacred-texts.com/sex/asw/asw00.htm


The New Age branch of Modern Paganism, as a synthesis of historical practice and modern innovation; a desire to find an authentic religion preserved in the past of British prehistory begins in my view, with Stukeley.

It may look back to the work of those who preceded him, but it is Stukeley's serpents who slither under the hills and barrows of Avebury, as Lung-mei, or geodetic forces: the soul of the world.

Stukeley's notion that prehistoric 'temples'are full of sacred secrets, fuels hours of research for those who diligently work at proving alignments based upon Euclidean geometry between the myriad post holes, henges and circles of Britain.

Manly P. Hall is a particularly useful reference for this.

But eventually, in keeping with contemporary experience, a new mythology, a scientific mythology began to appear in the late 1950s as a high alpha wash, over the lines and contours of Avebury.

In 1958 a French researcher Aime Michel  noted that UFO sightings seemed to follow straight lines (orthotony). He published a book called 'Flying Saucers and the Straight Line Mystery'.

His work was taken up by Bruce Cathie who in 1968, drew up an earth energy 'grid'.


Inter-dimensional vortexes and portals...
Ways to navigate between realities
Harmonic 695.

And paranoia.





Tony Wedd had read Alfred Watkin's work on lay-lines and had attended a lecture about Adamski...who in 1952 had met an otherworldly being called, Orthon:
'a medium-height humanoid with long blond hair and tanned skin wearing reddish-brown shoes, who took him to Venus'.
God damn it!
Why doesn't this ever happen to me?




Ex RAF man, Tony Wedd found his own Adamski in the person of Mary, a woman who received telepathic messages from space people.

One day whilst studying the landscape around Chiddingstone and plotting the alignment of pine clumps, Tony saw a UFO and  put 2 +2 together...to get Aime Michel's theory.
"I began to suppose that saucer crews knew about leys'...
In 1961 Tony Wedd  published 'Skyway's and Landmarks' .

But there was nothing new here. Forty-seven years before Aime Mitchel. in 1911, W Y Evan-Wentz' published "Fairy Faith in Celtic Countries". This describes processions of spirits, of the souls of the dead:

The Ankou who is a king of the dead, and his subjects, like a fairy king and fairies, have their own particular paths or roads over which they travel in great sacred processions; and exactly as fairies, the hosts of the dead are in possession of the earth on November Eve, and the living are expected to prepare a feast and entertainment for them of curded-milk, hot pancakes, and cider, served on the family table covered with a fresh white table-cloth, and to supply music. The Breton dead come to enjoy this hospitality of their friends; and as they take their places at the table the stools are heard to move, and sometimes the plates; and the musicians who help to entertain them think that at times they feel the cold breath of the invisible visitors. Concerning this same feast of the dead (La Toussaint) Villemarqué in his Barzaz Breiz (p. 507) records that in many parts of Brittany libations of milk are poured over or near ancestral tombs--just as in Ireland and Scotland libations of milk are poured to fairies. 

And the Area 51 guy remembers 'Odin's Wild hunt'...

Finally it all came together with 'The View Over Atlantis' by John Michell  published in 1969.

The book that:
 "put ley lines on the map, re-enchanted the British landscape and made Glastonbury the capital of the New Age." [Quote from Bob Rickard]
And linked:
 Platonic idealism, sacred geometry, ancient metrology, leys and alignments, megaliths, astro-archaeology, strange phenomena, simulacra, crop circles, UFOs, the Shakespeare authorship controversy, and the nature of human belief. Link..
The UFO/earth-energy link was still alive and kicking around ten years ago in the form of crop circles.

Anyway, Alfred Watkins is supposed to be the one who began this malarchy about energy-lines, but in fact Alfred wasn't particularly interested in energy, more the problem of navigation. Standing stones, church spires and the like give landscape meaning...I'm not sure that he used dowsing.

Why would he need to?

Dowsing was used to find water underground
You can see spires and stones.

Guy Underwood, on the other hand, wrote a book in 1939 called "The Pattern of the Past". He had come across the work of Reginald Smith, who, in the 1930s had described testing stone circles and henges and found underground streams of water radiating out from blind springs...

I don't know what that means?!

Guy Underwood set about investigation and described 'geodetic lines': natural forces related to, or dependent on magnetism of gravity.

The mythos has shifted a long way away from Stukeley
---

Seriously though...
Crop circles and the END of the WORLD
last year...



How the Nibiru myth becomes Melancholia...

Is for another day!







Wednesday, 16 October 2013

The dragon paths.

The Kur...

After An had carried off heaven, after Enlil had carried off earth, after Ereshkigal had been carried off into the nether world as its prize...

Although translations say that Ereshkigal was carried away by the Kur, the Kur is never only a river, or only a force of nature.

The Kur is sometimes defined by Kramer as the empty space between the earth's crust and the primeval sea.  A potential, an animate, a full-nothingness.

I am reminded of the dragon-paths in geomancy, the lung-Mei and to the way some ground feels heavy, and the way dowsing rods move..

But more often, the Kur is a monster.
The other
The alien
The enemy from beyond the mountains...

From Samuel Noah Kramer there is this translation from Sumerian about the begins of the world:
"My brother, after in days of yore the fates had been decreed, after abundance had sated the land, after An had carried off heaven, after Enlil had carried off earth, after Ereshkigal had been carried off into the nether world as its prize -- after he had set sail, after he had set sail, after the father had set sail for the nether world, against the king, the small were hurled, against Enki, the large were hurled, its small stones of the hand, its large stones of the dancing reeds, the keel of Enki's boat, overwhelm in battle like an attacking storm, against the king, the water at the head of the boat, devours like a wolf, against Enki, the water at the rear of the boat, strikes down like a lion. Reference.
The Kur seems to be a river...
A serpentine, powerful
Terrifying....
Python!?

Perhaps it doesn't seem appropriate to mix  Greek mythology with similar themes found in Sumerian/Akkadian stories?

But people traded, fought and talked to each other...

Stories do not respect boundaries.

In Greek mythology the serpent is an uncanny creature.
It is legless, it lives in holes under the ground and it sheds its skin.

The snake rejuvenates itself.

And there is the serpentine spinal cord...
In all of us.

The white snake of folk tales?

Snakes appear to just grow from the soil....
Snakes creeping out from around tombs to feed on food left for the dead.

Apollo and Enki  both have cult-sites that are places of oracle. Apollo's oracle was Delphi; in poetry known as 'Pytho'. Its priestess was 'The Pythia'.

The connection between Enki and the house of prophesy is at the end of these lines:

The pure house be built, he adorned it with lapis lazuli,
He ornamented it greatly with gold,
In Eridu he built the house of the water-bank,
Its brickwork, word-uttering, advice-giving,
Its... like an ox roaring,
The house of Enki, the oracles uttering.
In the Homeric hymn to Apollo "Who comes from afar"  Gaia/Earth or Themis/correctness -in a religious sense- owned the site where the Delphic oracle was to be.

Anyone wishing to consult the priestess would first of all come to the sacred Castalian Spring which wells up in a ravine in the Phaedriades mountains. All pilgrims ritually bathed here before entering the sacred precinct. Murderers had to bathe their entire body, while everyone else only had to wash their hair. It once supplied two fountains; both now destroyed.

When Apollo came to claim the site of Delphi, he found it guarded by a huge snake.

Apollo kills the she-serpent by shooting arrows into her body.

As her massive body decays under the sun she becomes Pythesthai, which means 'rotted'.

Strabo (64 BC-25 AD) wrote:
They say that the seat of the oracle is a cavern hollowed deep down in the earth, with a rather narrow mouth, from which rises a vapor that produces divine possession. A tripod is set above this cleft, mounting which, the Pythia inhales the vapor and prophesies.
Ethylene and methane are known to rise from geological fault lines beneath Delphi, which would account for the smell. But there is another connection, bitumen and sulphur..the uncanny blue flame and the hidden fire, which leads us back to the 'Lord of the Great City'.

The connections between Apollo and Enki are the sacred wells, prophesy (wisdom) and finally the serpent.

It would be so much simpler if  the Kur was the Absu.

But the Absu is 'far water' and his mate is Tiamat (salt sea-mother of us all).
The Kur has so many watery connections!
The Enuma Elish begins:

When above the heavens did not yet exist nor the earth below, Apsu the freshwater ocean was there, the first, the begetter, and Tiamat, the saltwater sea, she who bore them all; they were still mixing their waters, and no pasture land had yet been formed, nor even a reed marsh...
There is a story in which the warrior, Ninurta is persuaded by his personal weapon, Sharur, to go off and kill The Kur.

Ninurta succeeds and so finds out that The Kur controls the primordial water.

When The Kur has been killed, salt water floods the land and sweet water fails to irrigate the land...the solution to this problem is to build a dam over the corpse of The Kur.

Another story tells of Inana deciding to kill the Kur.

But now the Kur seems to be a volcano:
"Against the standing place of the gods it has directed its terror, In the sitting place of the Anunnaki it has led forth fearfulness, Its dreadful fear it has hurled upon the land,The 'mountain,' its dreadful rays of fire it has directed against all the lands."
There is a similarity here between the stories of Apollo and the Python/ Enki and the river journey.

Yet the Kur is much more.

It is an animate force within the water and the stone, as if the Python represents older,  autocthonic forces. Something that gives life to itself, out of earth.

The kur is a force found in water, fire and stone, and it is as if the Kur is able to possess non-animate objects, a kind of poltergeist, almost..

The Kur is an older and very different form of order, an ancient and strange, form of life...something beyond us,  unrecognisable.



Monday, 14 October 2013

Zeus...notes.

Dios..


Of all the gods, Zeus is the most troubling for me.

Too much like 'God the father' in the hymns and prayer books of my childhood.







Homer describes weather as a way Zeus speaks to us
From The Illiad- book 8:

As Dawn prepared to spread her saffron mantle over the land, Zeus the Thunderer gathered the gods to the highest peak of many-ridged Olympus, and spoke to them while all listened: ‘Hear me, gods and goddesses, while I say what my heart prompts. Let none of you try to defy me: all must assent, so I may swiftly achieve my aim. Whomever I find inclined to help the Greeks or Trojans, shall suffer the lightning stroke and be sent back ignominiously to Olympus, or be seized and hurled into dark Tartarus, into the furthest, deepest gulf beneath the earth, with iron gates and threshold of bronze, as far below Hades as earth is from heaven. Then you will see how much mightier I am than you immortals.


Both Hesiod and Homer describe a rain of blood sent as a warning, a portent of disaster. Zeus Semaleos worshiped at Mt Parnes, is the Zeus who speaks in symbols. The weather was his personality, or his will, manifest.

The kings of Troy traced their lineage back to Zeus and the kings, it was said, could elicit Zeus-signs, calling down lightning from the skies, but obviously not when it was really needed...or Achilles would not have dragged Hector around the walls of Troy.

The Hittites at Wilusa- if that is indeed the site of Troy- called upon Teshub, god of the axe, the bull, the triple-headed lightning bolt...not so far away from Indra.

Dios the shining one.

Nevertheless, to be struck by lightning was to be god-chosen.
To be killed by lightning was an instant translocation to 'heaven'.

Places struck by lightning were known not only as enelysia, but also as elysia. 

A man struck by lightning was enelysios 'in Elysium'.

A man struck by god was Diobletos or Diobles, touched by an immortal, struck by immortality.

According to Plutarch a man killed by lightning would not decay:

We all know well enough that the bodies of those who are struck by lightning do not decay. Many persons neither burn them nor bury them, but just fence them round and leave them, so that their corpses are seen in a state of perpetual in-corruption...I imagine too that the divine substance (sulphur) gets its name from the likeness of its smell to the fiery and pungent smell rubber out of things hit by lightning; and it seems to me that this is why even dogs and birds abstain from the bodies of those who have been struck by lightning.
Symp 4.2.3
And in Rome...
Shortly before the death of Augustus, his statue on the Capital was struck by lightning and the first letter of the word Ceaser on its base was destroyed. The seers concluded that it meant that he would live for C (100) days longer and then become aesar- the Etruscan word for god.

Aesir
Assur

From SAR?
A word that may mean totality.
Preserved as shah meaning king.

Meaning total power, total everything...creating everything.

When sky (AN) was full AN.SAR, it gave birth.
When Earth (KI) was full KI.SAR, it gave birth.

Zeus blinds, in his briliance.
The gods radiate terrifying power, they are, and they possess, melammu.



We also have:


Zeus Keraunos.
Zeus (Dios) the destroyer.




The list of those blasted by the will of Zeus:
Herakles and Asklepios, Erechtheus and Romulus, Semele...

"Semele brought to bed by the lightning-fire (Bakchai Euripides)

Lightning struck stones engraved with Dios kabata (god descends)- a chthonic god penetrating the dark womb of earth with brightness.

The mix of bright gods, lightning bolts and terrifying stars is best preserved in clay and cuneiform. In the Enuma Elish: Marduk's 9th name is Namru (bright one) and he is called "the shinning god who illuminates our way"



But usually..
The stars are the gates of the celestial palaces...
The 8 point star is a symbol of the gods.

Diodorus explains:
'by virtue of following each its own course, points out future events, thus interpreting to mankind the design of the gods. For sometimes by their risings, sometimes by their settings, and again by their colour, the Chaldeans say, they give signs of coming events to such as are willing to observe them closely'
Now,  Homeric poems use the same set of words to describe aethyr, sun, moon, stars, lighting, fire as if they are made from the same stuff.  

The Greek word for lightning is  astrape, which sounds very close to astra.

Ciciro, ascribed this to Aristotle:
 "The stars occupy the region of aethyr, and this has a very rarefied substance and is always in lively motion, it follows that an animal born in this region has the keenest senses and the swiftest power of movement: hence since the stars come into existence in the aethyr, it is reasonable to suppose that they possess sensation and intelligence"
Dinon or Deinon (Greek Δίνων or Δείνων) of Colophon (c. 360–340 BC) stated in his book about Persia, that Zoroastres was sacrificed to the stars.

Dion Chrysostomos in a speach delivered at Prousa in the year 103-104 AD tells a slightly different story:

Zoroastres lived as a recluse upon a certain mountain. 
Fire came down from above so that the mountain began to burn. 
The king of Persia and his priests drew near to worship the god, and found Zoroastres emerging unharmed from the fire.
Zoroastres told the king be of good cheer and to offer sacrifices as one that had come to the place where the god was.
From that time onwards, Zoroastres associated only with the Magoi who could understand the god and knew how to serve the divine. 
They kept a chariot drawn by Nisaean horses, the finest in all Asia...

And the Byzantine historians Kedrenos (1100 AD) and Glykas (1120 AD state that Zoroastres the famous Persian astronomer, when about to die, prayed to Orion that he may be destroyed by the fire of heaven. He told the Persians to take up his bones and preserve them...

That the Mesopotamian countries took astronomy very seriously indeed is no surprise.

Iraq, Vol. 62, (2000)
The Gates and Guardians in Sennacherib's Addition to the Temple of Assur.
By Margaret Huxley.

Describes how the throne and the Dias of Destinies in Sennacherib's temple of Assur in the city of Assur- were oriented to 'The Path of Enlil' and the Wagon star.

 'M.Huxley shows the astro-theological symbolism implied in the Northerly orientation of the Assur temple courtyard...
"was made to reflect an abbreviated map of the visible heavens...to mirror the heavens as the scene of divine activity, to locate correctly the throne of Assur, which lay behind the Gate of Kingship in the northern sky, and to stress Assur's sovereign power in the annual assembly of gods" M.Huxley's Sennacherib's addition to the temple of Assur." 

And that therefore the religion that was to become Judaism and then Christianity, took against stars, primarily I suspect, just to prove how very, very different they are from their Babylonian relatives!

Moses to Isrealites (Deut 4:19)

And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven"

Deuteronomy 17:3
"and contrary to my command has worshiped other gods, bowing down to them or to the sun or the moon or the stars in the sky,"
The final piece in this jigsaw is the most surprising,

Old Indic, the language of the Rig Veda was recorded in inscriptions not long after 1500 BC, in northern Syria, about the same time or perhaps as much as 200 years before the 1,028 hymns of the Rig Veda were written in northwestern India and Pakistan,

The kings of that region of Syria spoke a non-Indo European language, Hurrian, but they took Old Indic names when they came to the throne.

In a peace treaty, King Kurtiwaza  calls upon:

 ...the Storm-god, Lord of Heaven and Earth, the Moon-god and the Sun-god, the Moon-god of Harran, heaven and earth, the Storm-god, Lord of the kurinnu of Kahat, the Deity of Herds of Kurta, the Storm-god, Lord of Uhušuman, Ea-šarri, Lord of Wisdom, Anu, Antu, Enlil, Ninlil, the Mitra-gods, the Varuna-gods, Indra, the Nasatya-gods, Lord of Waššukanni, the Storm-god, Lord of the Temple Platform (?) of Irrite, Partahi of Šuta, Nabarbi, Šuruhi, Ištar, Evening Star, Šala, Belet-ekalli, Damkina, Išhara, the mountains and rivers, the deities of heaven and the deities of earth. Link.

To witness his treaty with the Hittite king...

So why did Hurrian-speaking kings in Syria use Old-Indic words, and religious terms?

It is so long ago, and there isn't much to go on, but one theory is that the kingdom of Mitanni was created with the help of Old-Indic speaking mercenaries, perhaps charioteers who regularly practiced the worship of gods latter recorded in the Rig Veda...






And that is as far as I can go for now...
Except to say that it serves as a reminder of how looking for the original myth, the 'Ur-myth' is probably a thankless task. Ideas and images, words and language are containers for the Divine, never the essence.


Saturday, 12 October 2013

Blue.

I used to hunt for sea-sand smooth fragments of glass on beaches when I was a child.

Blue glass was rare, a transition element.

Washed from the land of death up onto the beaches of childhood; safely glittering under the sun.

Blue glass was the best;.


They said it came from poison bottles.


I wear blue glasses.

And I see that there is a new mythology of blue being written before my very eyes.

For instance, YouTube brings me an image of a man with dyskinesia able to walk only when staring at blue, or wearing blue lenses. 


In Stephen King's story Room 1408, blue light elucidates a terrible truth as traces of human fluids glow under the blue.


Blue light is supposed to make body fluids light up.

Does it?

Here is the Norway spiral

kinda blue.


And here is a light installation called Red and Blue:




Blue light.
Wide blue yonder
Light.

There is the tale of the Steel melter's blue spectacles:

The precise shade of [blue] glass varied from one pair to the next and so steel melters carefully guarded their own pairs as they'd be unable to accurately judge the condition of the melt if another man's spectacles were used. This was one of the last bastions of a 'black art' i.e. a skill that could only be learnt by years of experience.
Blue spectacles are sold as dieting aids, the theory being that blue food is usually moldy "blue hue acts an appetite suppressant, because few foods are naturally that colour". 

Professor Stein suggested that blue lenses filter out the wavelengths of light that disturb cells in the brain damaged by an auto-immune disorder in the womb. 


He goes on to say that blue light improves sleeping patterns, because the blue-sensitive cells communicate, not with conscious vision at all, but directly to the hypothalamus.


The seat of time perception..

So, blue light synchronizes the hypothalamic clock

Yellow lenses filter out blue light and make the world Sharp, sunny and shiny! 

Yellow glasses are much nicer to wear.

I don't wear them.

Yellow light is brighter; the colour sensitive cones in the fovea (the yellow dot on the back of the retina where colour is perceived) favor yellow light.


One web site told me that:

Only 3-4% of receptors in the fovea are sensitive to blue light, so blue detail is more difficult to perceive.
I don't like blue lenses, but I have two pairs of blue glasses?!

Blue fire is the flame of the spirits...

Blue flame results when sulphur burns
Volcanic...dragon mountain KUR flame!



Quotes from James Hillman:

...blue still brings a principle of darkness with it...

As a hue it is powerful, but it is on the negative side, and in its highest purity is, as it were, a stimulating negation... a kind of contradiction between excitement and repose. As the upper sky and mountains appear blue, so a blue surface seems to recede from us....it draws us after it.

Blue gives us an impression of cold, and thus, again, reminds us of shade. We have before spoken of its affinity with black. Rooms which are hung with pure blue, appear in some degree larger, but at the same time empty and cold.

...objects seen through a blue glass [are] gloomy and melancholy.
More Sulphur!

Friday, 11 October 2013

Notes on the KUR.

Kramer begins his chapter on the KUR:

One of the most difficult groups of concepts to identify and interpret is that represented by the Sumerian word kur. That one of its primary meanings is "mountain" is attested by the fact that the sign used for it is actually a pictograph representing a mountain. From the meaning "mountain" developed that of "foreign land," since the mountainous countries bordering Sumer were a constant menace to its people. Kur also came to mean "land" in general; Sumer itself is described as kur-gal, "great land."


By around 1000 BC the KUR has become a dragon in Kramer's translation, as attested by the story The exploits of Ninurta: Sumerian in origin, written around 2000 BC (Sumer became 'Akkadian' around 2270 BC).

In this story (translated by Kramer), the KUR is a water dragon:

What had been scattered, he gathered,What by Kur had been dissipated,He guided and hurled into the Tigris,The high waters it pours over the farmland.Behold now everything on earthRejoiced afar at Ninurta, the king of the land;The fields produced much grain,The harvest of palm-grove and vineyard was fruitful,It was heaped up in granaries and hills;The lord made mourning disappear from the land,He made good the liver of the gods."O thou lady, because thou wouldst come to a foreign land,O Ninmah, because for my sake thou wouldst enter an inimical land,Because thou hast no fear of the terror of the battle surrounding me,Therefore, of the hill which I, the hero, have heaped up,Let its name be Hursag (mountain), and thou be its queen."

Jacobson suggests that the name Ninurta means Lord of the Plough, he was the 'life giving semen' , the source of fertility and abundance through out the land.

By Assyrian times, Ninurta (possibly now mixed with Ningirsu) is a terrifying warrior, a protector of the land

In the ETCSL version the Car-ur is a weapon.
It talks.
It tells Ninurta that the people, the plants and the animals are worshipping a monster born from earth.

From http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/section1/tr162.htm

They have appealed to you, because of your father; son of Enlil, Lord, because of your superior strength they are looking to you here; since you are strong, my master, they are calling for your help, saying, Ninurta, that not a single warrior counts except for you! They wanted to advise you about ....... Hero, there have been consultations with a view to taking away your kingship. Ninurta, it is confident that it can lay hands on the powers received by you in the abzu. Its face is deformed, its location is continually changing; day by day, the Asag adds territories to its domain."

And so Kramer's KUR is now the Asag..
But asag sounds a lot like ur.sag meaning: the young hero...

When the 12th tablet of the Gilgamesh epic was inscribed in Akkadian, the KUR is once more a water dragon (Kramer's translation).

After heaven had been moved away from earth,After earth had been separated from heaven,After the name of man had been fixed;After An had carried off heaven,After Enlil had carried off earth,After Ereshkigal had been carried off into Kur as its prize;
After he had set sail, after he had set sail,After the father for Kur had set sail,After Enki for Kur had set sail.
Against the king the small ones it (Kur) hurled,Against Enki, the large ones it hurled;Its small ones, stones of the hand,Its large ones, stones of . . . reeds,The keel of the boat of Enki,In battle, like the attacking storm, overwhelm;
Against the king, the water at the head of the boat,Like a wolf devours,Against Enki, the water at the rear of the boat,Like a lion strikes down.
But down in Babylon the KUR is linked to lunar eclipses.

Francesca Rochberg writes in "In the Path of the Moon: Babylonian Celestial Divination and Its Legacy" that in Babylon:

The date of the time interval around full moon is termed na which measured the interval between sunrise and moonset. The date of another time interval named KUR is the interval between moon rise and sun rise on the day of last lunar visibility.

The length of the month, na and KUR are found in each monthly paragraph of an astronomical almanac, the Enuma Anu Enlil, a book of lunar eclipse omens (dated some time before 934 BC- possibly 18th to 16th centuries BC)  The opening words: Enuma Anu Enlil can be loosely translated as: "When the gods Anu and Enlil"  or "In the days of Anu and Enlil".

The terminology is also found in diaries and other types of non-mathematical texts of the Seleucid period (240-63 BC).

In Uruk a different system was used:

NIM- positive latitude.
MURAB- node
SIG- negative node.

12 degrees is the 'middle of the road of the moon' and lunar latitude is: NIM U SIG.







Friday, 4 October 2013

A to Z..



From Alpha to Omega..(the hair)
A is easy..
The ox



But which letter is Omega?

Well, B looks like a promising candidate:

House
Tent..
Birthing hut
Close up of the symbol for the Goddess, Ninhursaga, on a Kassite boundary stone.

Omega 'womb' or 'sacred enclosure' symbol..
The sacred birthing hut.


Who were the Kassites?

They laid down the foundations of 'Babylon'..
The Enuma Elish- the story of Marduk's triumph over Terthys Tiamat.

About Omega being Bet?

Said V..Unless it has a dot in it
Then it is B.

Most people prefer to see it as the last letter of the alphabet, Tav.
But Tav is just a cross...



Tav itself is meaningless in a Mesopotamian, Canaanite context- as far as I can tell!

It comes to represent the word truth.

Which may link it to Jesus?
"I am the way, the truth...".

Wiki tells me:
In Jewish mythology it was the word emet that was carved into the head of the golem which ultimately gave it life. But when the letter aleph was erased from the golem's forehead, what was left was "met"—dead. And so the golem died.

And:
Ezekiel 9:4 depicts a vision in which the tav plays a Passover role similar to the blood on the lintel and doorposts of a Hebrew home in Egypt. In Ezekiel’s vision, the Lord has his angels separate the demographic wheat from the chaff by going through Jerusalem, the capital city of ancient Israel, and inscribing a mark, a tav, “upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof.”

And the significance of all this is?
The Canaanite 'Phoenician' scripts seems to contain elements of North Mesopotamian and African Berber.

Via Aramaic it became Hebrew...
Via Greek- English.



Eventually!

Canaan, multiculturalism!